Basics of Tea

All tea comes from the same plant: the Camellia sinensis. How it is processed, however, determines the type of tea it will become.

There are four major types of teas green, oolong, black, and black scented teas. In general, each estate and garden uses a single style of processing which is usually determined by geography, including elevation, moisture level, and farming practices.

Tea grows fastest at sea level to 6,500 feet in sandy or clay soil. The climate should be hot and moist 80 to 150 inches of rain annually with high humidity and fog. Tea also grows at higher elevations and in shaded areas, but at a much slower rate. This climatic change also produces a more intense flavour tea, like Darjeeling. It is reasonably safe to say that Japan only produces green teas, Formosa focuses on oolongs, and Ceylon and India produce primarily black teas.

Types of Tea

White Tea

White teas are among the rarest of teas in the world. They are the least processed. White tea is hand plucked, unopened buds, and often loaded with downy hairs. It brews up a subtle blend of sweetness and vegetable flavours. White teas are grown all over the world, however the best come from Fujian province in China and Sri Lanka in South Asia.

Green Tea

Green teas are the most ancient teas. Originally from China, they were also transplanted to Japan many centuries ago. Green tea production methods vary but the focus is always to preserve the green colour. Thus, green teas are not fermented.

Oolong Tea

Oolongs were developed after green and black teas. Originally they were developed in the Chinese coastal province of Fujian and eventually moved down the coast of China and across the waters to Taiwan. Repeated rolling brings the tea to the desired level of oxidation. All this work makes for very fragrant teas that are light in body with flavours reminiscent of peaches or tropical flowers.

Black Tea

Black teas range from mellow teas from China to full-bodied teas from Assam, India. Often they are served with milk and sugar. Black teas are withered, rolled, fully fermented, and fired in an oven. This process creates the warm toasty flavours. In the best teas complex flavours that are reminiscent of honey, malt, and cocoa develop.

Flavoured Tea

This is our version of Chinese scented teas. All types of teas are used as a base. Then flavours, dried fruits, and flowers are added. These blends are a delight to drink. Some of our most popular flavoured teas are: Hot Cinnamon Spice, Paris, and Pumpkin Spice.

Herbal Tea

Although not derived from the tea plant, thus not tea, these herbal infusions have an ancient pedigree. Flowers, seeds, bark, and special flavouring are used to make the best herbal blends. Traditionally, herbals have been used to calm or stimulate or treat minor ailments. Light in body, the colours of herbals vary from pale yellow to brilliant red, with flavours that range from mild to robust.